The interreligious dialogue which the Apostolic Letter Tertio
millennio adveniente encourages as a characteristic feature of this
year particularly dedicated to God the Father (cf. nn. 52-53) first
of all concerns Jews, our “elder brothers”, as I called them on the
occasion of my memorable meeting with the Jewish community of Rome
on 13 April 1986 (L'Osservatore Romano English edition, 21 April
1986, p. 6). Reflecting on the spiritual patrimony we share, the
Second Vatican Council, especially in the Declaration Nostra aetate,
gave a new direction to our relationship with the Jewish religion.
We must reflect ever more deeply on that teaching, and the Jubilee
of the Year 2000 can be a magnificent occasion to meet, possibly, in
places of significance for the great monotheistic religions (cf.
Tertio millennio adveniente, n. 53).
We know that, from the beginnings of the Church down to our century,
relations with our Jewish brothers and sisters have unfortunately
been difficult. However, throughout this long and tormented history
there have been occasions of peaceful and constructive dialogue. We
should recall in this regard that the first theological work
entitled “Dialogue” was significantly dedicated by the philosopher
and martyr Justin to his encounter with Trypho the Jew in the second
century. Also of note is the vivid dialogical dimension strongly
present in contemporary neo-Jewish literature, which has deeply
influenced the philosophical and theological thought of the
2. This dialogical attitude between Christians and Jews not only
expresses the general value of interreligious dialogue, but also the
long journey they share leading from the Old to the New Testament.
There is a long period of salvation history which Christians and
Jews can view together. “The Jewish faith”, in fact, “unlike other
non-Christian religions, is already a response to God's revelation
in the Old Covenant” (CCC, n. 839). This history is illumined by an
immense group of holy people whose lives testify to the possession,
in faith, of what they hoped for. Indeed, the Letter to the Hebrews
emphasizes this response of faith throughout the history of
salvation (cf. Heb 11).
Today the courageous witness of faith should also mark the
collaboration of Christians and Jews in proclaiming and realizing
God's saving plan for all humanity. If his plan is interpreted in a
different way regarding the acceptance of Christ, this obviously
involves a crucial difference which is at the very origin of
Christianity itself, but does not change the fact that there are
still many elements in common.
It still is our duty to work together in promoting a human condition
that more closely conforms to God's plan. The Great Jubilee of the
Year 2000, which refers precisely to the Jewish tradition of jubilee
years, points to the urgent need for this common effort to restore
peace and social justice. Recognizing God's dominion over all
creation, particularly the earth (Lv 25), all believers are called
to translate their faith into a practical commitment to protecting
the sacredness of human life in all its forms and to defending the
dignity of every brother and sister.
3. In meditating on the mystery of Israel and its “irrevocable
calling” (cf. Insegnamenti IX/1 , p. 1028), Christians also
explore the mystery of their own roots. In the biblical sources they
share with their Jewish brothers and sisters, they find the
indispensable elements for living and deepening their own faith.
This can be seen, for example, in the liturgy. Like Jesus, whom Luke
shows us as he opens the book of the prophet Isaiah in the synagogue
of Nazareth (cf. Lk 4:16ff.), the Church draws from the liturgical
wealth of the Jewish people. She arranges the liturgy of the hours,
the liturgy of the word and even the structure of her Eucharistic
prayers according to the models of the Jewish tradition. A few great
feasts like Easter and Pentecost recall the Jewish liturgical year
and are excellent occasions for remembering in prayer the people God
chose and loves (cf. Rom 11:2). Today dialogue means that Christians
should be more aware of these elements which bring us closer
together. Just as we take note of the “covenant never revoked by
God” (cf. Insegnamenti, 1980, [III/2], pp. 1272-1276), so we should
consider the intrinsic value of the Old Testament (cf. Dei Verbum,
n. 3), even if this only acquires its full meaning in the light of
the New Testament and contains promises that are fulfilled in Jesus.
Was it not Jesus' interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures which made
the hearts of the disciples “burn within” them on the road to Emmaus
(Lk 24:32), enabling them to recognize the risen Christ as he broke
4. Not only the shared history of Christians and Jews, but
especially their dialogue must look to the future (cf. CCC, n. 840),
becoming as it were a “memoria futuri” (We Remember: A Reflection on
the “Shoah”; L'Osservatore Romano English edition, 18 March 1998, p.
6). The memory of these sorrowful and tragic events of the past can
open the way to a renewed sense of brotherhood, the fruit of God's
grace, and to working so that the seeds infected with anti-Judaism
and anti-Semitism will never again take root in human hearts.
Israel, a people who build their faith on the promise God made to
Abraham: “You shall be the father of a multitude of nations” (Gn
17:4; Rom 4:17), shows Jerusalem to the world as the symbolic place
of the eschatological pilgrimage of peoples united in their praise
of the Most High. I hope that at the dawn of the third millennium
sincere dialogue between Christians and Jews will help create a new
civilization founded on the one, holy and merciful God, and
fostering a humanity reconciled in love.
To the English-speaking pilgrims and visitors the Holy Father said:
In the joy of the risen Lord, I greet all the English-speaking
pilgrims and visitors, especially the members of the Council of
Major Superiors of Women Religious in the United States. I also
greet the Sri Lankan pilgrims and pray that a just and lasting peace
may come to your troubled land. Upon all the English-speaking
pilgrims and visitors, especially those from England, Norway, the
Philippines, Japan and the United States of America, I invoke the
blessings of almighty God.